Apache 2 Install and Upgrade Guide

Note: This how-to has worked fine on plesk and cpanel servers and numerous tests. I cannot guarentee it will work on yours and cannot take responsibility for the outcome. I do not recommend running this how-to on an ensim server.

Note: Text in green are commands that should be run from the root shell

FRESH INSTALL – Apache 2 installation
This part of the how-to is for a clean install only, for upgrades please scroll down.
Make a copy of your current httpd.conf incase you need to roll-back

cp /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf_back

Download The Apache Tar.Gz File
wget http://www.tux.org/pub/net/apache/d…d-2.0.47.tar.gz

Extract The File To Your Server
tar -xz -f httpd* Continue reading

Common SSH Commands – Linux Shell Commands

We’ve put together some of the more frequently used SSH commands or linux shell commands, and organized them by name so you can easily find a command, their description and how to use it. This guide will continue to be updated and should not be considered a complete list of SSH commands or linux shell commands, but commands, we found, often used. If you would like to add to this guide, please email us and let us know.

Common SSH Commands or Linux Shell Commands,
ls : list files/directories in a directory, comparable to dir in windows/dos.
ls -al : shows all files (including ones that start with a period), directories, and details attributes for each file.

cd : change directory · · cd /usr/local/apache : go to /usr/local/apache/ directory
cd ~ : go to your home directory
cd – : go to the last directory you were in
cd .. : go up a directory cat : print file contents to the screen

cat filename.txt : cat the contents of filename.txt to your screen

Continue reading

Export Router Configuration

The Export Command

Command name: /export

Description

The export command prints a script that can be used to restore configuration. The command can be invoked at any menu level, and it acts for that menu level and all menu levels below it. If the argument from is used, then it is possible to export only specified items. In this case export does not descend recursively through the command hierarchy. export also has the argument file, which allows you to save the script in a file on the router to retrieve it later via FTP. Continue reading

Resetting Your Mikrotik RouterOS

Configuration Reset

Command name: /system reset

Description

The command clears all configuration of the router and sets it to the default including the login name and password (‘admin’ and no password), IP addresses and other configuration is erased, interfaces will become disabled. After the reset command router will reboot.

Command Description

reset – erases router’s configuration Continue reading

Interpreting File: /etc/fstab

Enter the drive into the fstab file so that it is recognized and mounted upon system boot.

File: /etc/fstab Red Hat 8.0

LABEL=/ / ext3 defaults 1 1
LABEL=/boot /boot ext3 defaults 1 2
none /dev/pts devpts gid=5,mode=620 0 0
none /proc proc defaults 0 0
none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
/dev/hda2 swap swap defaults 0 0
/dev/hdb1 /opt2 ext3 defaults 1 2
/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,owner,kudzu,ro 0 0
/dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy auto noauto,owner,kudzu 0 0

Continue reading