Server Loads Explained

Server Load Explanation
The load average tries to measure the number of active processes at any time. As a measure of CPU utilization, the load average is simplistic, poorly defined, but far from useless. High load averages usually mean that the system is being used heavily and the response time is correspondingly slow. What’s high? … Ideally, you’d like a load average under, say, 3, … Ultimately, ‘high’ means high enough so that you don’t need uptime to tell you that the system is overloaded.

When seeing the results of the load averages, they are for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes.

How to check the servers load?
There are a few different ways to keep an eye on your servers load, the first thing you need to do is login to your server by SSH. Continue reading


Apache 2 and PHP 4 and 5 Installation Guide

This tutorial is designed to help those who would like to install Apache 2 and PHP as mod_php or a DSO module on a UNIX/Linux based system. This tutorial has been tested on Redhat 9 and Redhat 8, as well as FreeBSD. The installation should work fairly similar on each variation of UNIX/Linux. This tutorial will be demonstrated using FreeBSD.

Tip: Don’t forget to remove (or at least disable) any rpm or other installed versions of apache.

Since Apache 2.0.42 the API for apache will be kept stable, which means you should be able to upgrade apache without having to upgrade your modules as well.

The following is how to install Apache as a DSO module.

For this tutorial we will be using PHP 4.3.8 and httpd 2.0.51.

TIP: Read the whole tutorial before you start, as some steps make go back or forwards.

1. Download apache from


Continue reading

Howto mod_rewrite with Apache

About mod_rewrite for Apache

This module uses a rule-based rewriting engine (based on a regular-expression parser) to rewrite requested URLs on the fly. It supports an unlimited number of rules and an unlimited number of attached rule conditions for each rule to provide a really flexible and powerful URL manipulation mechanism. The URL manipulations can depend on various tests, for instance server variables, environment variables, HTTP headers, time stamps and even external database lookups in various formats can be used to achieve a really granular URL matching.

This module operates on the full URLs (including the path-info part) both in per-server context (httpd.conf) and per-directory context (.htaccess) and can even generate query-string parts on result. The rewritten result can lead to internal sub-processing, external request redirection or even to an internal proxy throughput.

Continue reading

How to Copy Files Across a Network/Internet in UNIX/LINUX – scp tar rsync

One of the many advantages of Linux/UNIX is how many ways you can do one thing. This tuturial is going to show you some of the many ways you can ttransfer files over a network connection.

In this article/tutorial we will cover rsync, scp, and tar. Please note that there are many other ways these are just some of the more common ones. The methods covered assume that SSH is used in all sessions. These methods are all much more secure and reliable than using rcp or ftp. This tutorial is a great alternative for those looking for an FTP alterative to transfering files over a network.


scp or secure copy is probably the easiest of all the methods, its is designed as a replacement for rcp, which was a quick copy of cp with network funcationability.

scp syntax

Continue reading

How to install ionCube loader

ionCube produces leading tools for PHP source code protection to secure your PHP software from prying eyes and to combat software piracy. Featuring an advanced compiled-code encoding engine that translates source to highly efficient bytecodes, ionCube encoding tools deliver the ideal combination of maximum source code protection without sacrificing performance, reliability or language compatibility.

In order to view encoded ionCube files on your server you need the ionCube loader. This is a free plugin for Apache web server that only takes a few minutes to install and is well worth it.

– Root Shell access to your server
– phpinfo page: create a new document and call it phpinfo.php. Inside place phpinfo(); Continue reading

Apache 2 Install and Upgrade Guide

Note: This how-to has worked fine on plesk and cpanel servers and numerous tests. I cannot guarentee it will work on yours and cannot take responsibility for the outcome. I do not recommend running this how-to on an ensim server.

Note: Text in green are commands that should be run from the root shell

FRESH INSTALL – Apache 2 installation
This part of the how-to is for a clean install only, for upgrades please scroll down.
Make a copy of your current httpd.conf incase you need to roll-back

cp /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf_back

Download The Apache Tar.Gz File

Extract The File To Your Server
tar -xz -f httpd* Continue reading